Tilapia Fish Feed Formulation and Ingredients

Introduction of Tilapia Fish

Tilapia, a tropical fish belonging to the Perciformes family Lippiaceae has fast growth, mixed foods, adaptability, and other characteristics. Tilapia is a significant agricultural aquaculture project. It has high farming value. Tilapia can be fed in many different ways. The best tilapia feed ingredients are high-quality and provide nutrition and enticement to achieve a balanced level. This will improve feed efficiency and productivity. Enhance the quality of the breeding water, reduce the growth of pathogenic bacteria, and increase stress resistance and immunity.

Aquatic multivitamins can be added in the appropriate amounts to enhance multivitamins, increase growth rate, and anti-stress. Compound probiotics can also be added to improve intestinal flora, digestion, and absorption rates. Increase feed utilization and decrease breeding costs. To increase the efficiency of the raw materials utilization, improve the immunity and decrease the risk of morbidity, we should be attentive to daily feeding during the culture process. How can tilapia farmers reduce the cost of farming? It is actually a good idea to make tilapia fish food ingredient. So how do you prepare homemade tilapia feeder? Are you interested in starting a fish farming business? Check out our article on how to start a fish farming business!

Our goal was to identify locally available feed ingredients, and apply them to tilapia aquaculture.

  • Make better use of local and household resources
  • Develop and incorporate indigenous technical knowledge
  • Encourage the creation of rural enterprises that can generate affordable tilapia feed, and local employment.
  • Increase self-employment and economic participation for women
  • Increase the productivity of smallholder fish farms and thus increase supplies of fish for poor households, fill human nutritional needs with animal protein and create farm incomes to alleviate poverty
  • Water productivity can be improved by improving watershed management.

Tilapia Fish Feed Ingredients

Tilapia Feed Formulation A

This tilapia feed recipe contains 25%-30% crude protein and 3%-5% crude oil. It also includes 7%-9% Ash, 40%-55% carbohydrate and 9%-11% moisture. This formula for tilapia fish feeding increases the amount of carbohydrates and decreases the protein content. It has the effect of reducing protein raw material costs, reducing feed cost, and reducing pollution. Long-term feeding experiments have shown that this formula is well-palatable, which allows tilapias to grow better.

The present invention’s low-protein, high carbohydrate tilapia feed achieves comparable growth to other feeds. It also has a higher feed efficiency than feeds that are high in protein. The present invention’s tilapia feed achieves higher growth, higher protein conversion efficiency, and lower ammonia nitrogen emission than similar feeds of the same protein-fat content.

Tilapia Feed Formulation B

Ingredients for tilapia fish food that are suitable for net or seawater culture: bran 30%; soybean cake 35%; fish meal 15%; corn meal 5%; acacia leaf meals 5%; barley meal 8.5%; growth factor 1%; salt 0.5%

Ingredients for tilapia feeding in flowing water or net tanks include grass meal 20% and fish meal 3%, soybean meal 20% and soybean cake 20%. Rice bran 20% and bran 10% are suitable for tilapia farming. Corn flour 5.5%, bone meal 1.5% and salt 0.5%.

For pond raising tilapia, the following ingredients are suitable: 50% dry pig or cow manure, 37% Bran, 10% sesame seeds residue, 2% fishmeal, 1% bone meal.

Tilapia Feed Formulation C

Soybean cake 50%; fish meal 10.7%; bran 38%; bone meal 1%. Vino Aquatic Multivitamin 0.1%. Vino Mycobacterium Multi Mineral 0.1%. Vino Compound Probiotic 0.1%.

Tilapia Feed Formulation D

Soybean cake 35%; bran 29.7%; fish flour 15%, barley gluten 8.50%, corn meal 5%, bone meal 1.0%, and Vino aquatic multivitamin 0.1%. Vino mold clear multimineral 0.1%. Vino compound probiotic 0.1%

Tilapia Feed Formulation E

Soybean cake 35%, rice bran 44.7%, soyacake 35%, silkworm pupa 12%, secondary powder 8% and bone powder 1.50%. Salt 0.50%. Vino aquatic multidimensional 0.1%. Vino mold clear multimineral 0.1%. Vino compound probiotic 0.1%.

Types of Tilapia Feed

Tilapia can be fed formulated or compounded food in dry, wet, or moist forms. Tilapia can have dried compounded feeds as pellets, powders, or crumbles. The popularity of pellets is dependent on the age and shape of the tilapia.

The compound feed for Tilapia

The compound feed for Tilapia generally comes in two types. These are:

  • Pelleted feed and
  • Extruded feed

The conditioning temperature should be maintained between 80 and 95 degrees Celsius in order to produce pelleted feed. Good gelatinization can be achieved if the conditioning time is sufficient. The pelleted feed is then characterized by long-term stability in water and a smooth appearance.

Super micro grinding equipment of 80% mesh is required to create extruded feed. The extruder is also less worn during the feed production process, which prolongs its life expectancy.

The pellet diameter of pelleted or extruded feed is approximately 1.5 to 5.0mm. Fish feeds can be used at different growth stages and are commonly called fingerling feed, adult feed, or whatever you prefer. Extruded feed costs more than pelleted feed, but it has a higher breeding efficiency.

Commercial fish feed pellets can be made by either extruding (floating, buoyant) and pressure-pelleted. Although both floating and sinking pellets can produce satisfactory growth, some species prefer to grow in the sinking environment. For tilapia fish that feed on the surface layers, floating fish feed pellets is ideal.

Floating and extruded feed pellets can be more costly due to higher manufacturing costs. It is important to determine if the feeding rate is too low or high in order to maximize fish growth and feed efficiency. A fish feed pellet extruder makes it easy to make floating fish feed pellets from common materials.

You can get the feed in many sizes, from small crumbles for small fish to large pellets (1/2 inches or more). The size of the pellet must be between 20-30% and 30% of the size of your tilapia’s mouth gape. Inefficient feeding is caused by feed pellets that are too small. This is because the pellets take up more energy to find and eat. Pellets that are too big can cause dehydration and even choking. The largest size feed that the tilapia can eat is the best.

You may also like...

Get a Quick Quote